Wednesday, March 16

Millions in Japan fight without electricity, heat

If the one-two punch of earthquakes and tsunami lost much of their capacity to produce electricity, Japan, the narrative turned hardness in parts of the world's technologically most developed societies over night in one of the third world.

For most Japanese, the rolling outages translate initiated in the wake of the twin disasters of inconvenience, victims and economic losses. But the use is for tens of thousands now homeless and huddled in evacuation centers in the Northeast are hit hard, much higher.

"You have known evacuation centers, people, the actual evacuation centers, reaches half a million Japanese repressed." "They have water, they have no electricity, oil, it not", said Sheila Smith, senior fellow for Japan studies at the Council on foreign relations. "And the temperatures are... dip below the freezing point, because it's snowing in most of these regions." "There is an acute humanitarian crisis so today in Japan."

Nuclear power plant occupies engineers
The difficulties end there. Engineers could be used to synchronize the Tokyo Electric Power Co., usually working nuclear power plants to shut down back online are working instead with a meltdown of the company's Fukushima Dai-Ichi work.

NYT: 50 workers bravely reactors updated stay troubled Japan prior to 3/16 / 2011 6: 29: 46 AM + 00: 00 workers briefly evacuated knit Nuke plant cosmic log: If there is a meltdown, then what? Japan crisis could squeeze car world production millions in Japan fight without electricity, heat damaged nuclear power plant workers Withrawn motion of aftershocks images of chaos, destruction interactive: how a nuclear power plant

And for aid agencies trying to the displaced persons, help the lack of energy in the quake zone and freezing temperatures are another reason to rush, and one more challenge to face.

The catastrophe that hit Japan on Friday put out of action, 30% of the overall performance of the country to provide about one-fifth of the country 55 nuclear reactors that normally almost. It beats up many thermal power plants and set out an unknown part of Japan's electricity transmission network.

In the northern part of the country, in addition to powerless evacuation the Japanese Government said centers Monday that some were 1.25 million households without heat, and almost 3.2 million people were facing reduced gas supplies in the coming days. Other estimates put the number of homes already without electricity two-to three times higher.

Britain's Guardian newspaper reported in the city of Ishinomaki, previously home to about 164,000 people Monday, that survivors crowded the heat and shelter, looking in a Red Cross Hospital, which was one of the only buildings in the city, nor does had.

Video: at least 15,000 people missing in Japan (on this page)

In addition to customers in many parts of the country to three hours of rolling blackouts Monday by TEPCO, which have established to cope with largest power company 10 in the country and the operators of the Fukushima are without electricity. It said Monday that the rolling blackouts would affect 3 million customers, including large factories and buildings, and would probably continue until the end of April.

On Tuesday said a second utility, Tohuku electric power co. It also implement would power rationing, Kyodo News Service reported. Tohuku covers a large swathe of the country North of Tokyo, including many of the most affected by the tsunami areas.

Tohoku electric officials said power rationing for several months run could - the company on Quake damage restore with losses of up to six hours a day some prefectures, Kyodo reported, while thermal power plants. Company officials said rolling blackouts Quake would exclude areas, trying to beat but restore.

"What probably happened in Japan, that they are trying as much energy as possible, as many people as possible," said Walt Pollock, former Vice President of the power supply for Portland General Electric Co. "so that... implementing the rolling blackouts, to spread the pain."

Replace lost is suffered electricity generation capacity in the quake a long-term problem - especially in the nuclear sector, are where severely damaged plants are unlikely repaired or restarted, he said.

"There are no easy answers as Japan... makes the sort would receive, the 5 offer (to) 8 nuclear power plants," said Pollock. "The number of nuclear power plants, which is far greater than the power generation capacity of the Grand Coulee Dam, which makes largest individual offline generated Northwest in the (United States)."

There is again still not much information sections of the Japan to predict how long it can take to some power, have been taken offline by the disaster.

"There are no parts of the grid, completely isolated" said Michael Levi, senior fellow for energy and environment in the Council on foreign relations. "Japan has greater interconnection in the whole country as, let's say we in the United States."

He adds "The big question is, what affects the physical destruction in the grid itself had". "So even if in theory makes you from one part to another, wheel can when some of the transmission lines are down... can make this task much more difficult."

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Technology fades to black
The Japanese Government has for citizens and businesses, where possible, to facilitate the loading of the system to preserve called. Limited train service, shops have shortened hours, sporadically run escalators and elevators and massive video screens that usually add to the cacophony of Tokyo life was dark.

The rationing caused unease and confusion in many places, as well as logistical problems, the development and construction helpers concern together with residents in a country that is used to modern efficiency.

World Vision International, a Christian not-for profit based in federal way, Washington, spent said to the three person advance team, which on the battered city Sendai sent, a night in cars and a second in one church while on the way deliver bottled water, Blankets and baby supplies and pave the way for a larger flood relief in South Asia.

Video: Radiation leaks from Japan Nuke plant (on this page)

It is making in the center of Sendai, said communications and outreach Director Mitsuko Sobata, Tokyo-based communications and advocacy officer for the organization. The company has but little information on the situation in Tome, a small town usually about an hour's drive North, the world vision plans, on a proposal from the Government in Sendai aid. She says, the Tome has tried Government with thousands of evacuated and virtually impossible to reach by phone.

"It certainly complicates the situation," said Casey Calamusa, international news officer with world vision, which is active in Tokyo. "What we do today so much is dependent on technology."

© 2011 reprints

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